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If you want to bring bright colors to your garden, then you should definitely take a closer look at the wonderful, unpretentious flower — PYRETHRUM .
Pyrethrums are mostly perennial plants, although there are annual species among them. Plant height from 60 to 100 cm . Representatives of the genus have a powerful root system. Inflorescences on a long stem — solitary, 5-6 cm in diameter , collected in apical corymbose inflorescences of white, red or painted in various shades of pink. Feverfew blooms in May-July. After flowering, the flower turns into a light brown achene. Pyrethrum seeds can be collected for subsequent sowing, and the germination capacity of the seeds is not lost for 2-3 years.
A large white cornflower is already growing in my garden, and this year I picked up 2 more types of feverfew ROBINSON GIANTS (a mixture of paints) and RASPBERRY GIANTS for his company .
Feverfew Robinson’s Giants Feverfew Robinson’s Giants Feverfew Raspberry Giants Feverfew Raspberry Giants
Rules for sowing and growing.
It is better to sow seeds for seedlings in early March, deepening by about 3-5 mm, you can distribute them over the surface, and then sprinkle them on top of the ground, after moistening the soil surface with a finely dispersed moisturizer. Crops should be covered with glass or film or sown in a special container with a lid and placed in a bright place at a temperature of 20-25 ºC . As soon as shoots appear, remove the cover from the crops. At the stage of development of seedlings of two true leaves, start picking in separate cups or pots. After picking, provide seedlings with good lighting and a low temperature of 18-21 ° C, moderate watering. Seedlings are planted in a permanent place in May-June after the threat of return frosts has passed. In the southern regions, the pyrethrum flower is grown in a seedless way, that is, by direct sowing of seeds directly into open ground. Feverfew seeds can be sown directly into the ground both in late spring and early summer, and in September. Feverfew will bloom in the spring-summer sowing in the second year. When sown in September for the next year. If you want to get flowering in the year of sowing, then sow seeds for seedlings earlier, for example at the end of January, in this case there is a chance to get flowering in the same season.
In what places and on what soil to grow feverfew?
Feverfew prefers areas with nutritious, permeable and loose soil. Neither dry, nor sandy, nor scarce soils are suitable for pyrethrum; it does not grow well in low-lying, flooded places, because it does not tolerate prolonged waterlogging, especially in the cold season. Feverfew grows best in areas that are lit by the sun only part of the day, and the rest of the time in partial shade. Pyrethrum seedlings are planted at a distance of 25-30 cm from each other . After planting, the site is watered abundantly and seedlings are protected from the sun for the first 10 days.
Caring for pyrethrum in the ground.
Growing and caring for feverfew is not difficult. This perennial plant is a real find for those who do not have the time, opportunity or desire to care for a flower garden. Once the feverfew gets stronger, it easily suppresses any weeds that appear on the site, so it needs weeding only at the very beginning of the growing season, and at this stage mulching the site with organic materials, the same mowed grass, can help you. The only prerequisite for the normal development of pyrethrum and maintaining its decorative qualities at the proper level is regular and sufficient watering, after which it is desirable to loosen the soil around the bushes so that a crust does not form on its surface.
Feverfew has rather tall stems, so a garter may be necessary. If, after the first flowering, all flower stalks are cut off, not allowing the seeds to ripen, by the end of summer the pyrethrum will bloom again. In one place, pyrethrums grow for 4 years, after which it is advisable to transplant them, since they grow strongly, and their flowering becomes not so plentiful. During transplantation, the bushes can be divided.
At the end of the season, the aerial part of the pyrethrum is cut off at the level of the soil surface. It tolerates winter well without additional shelter, but it can also be covered by mulching with a layer of peat or covering it with spruce branches. In the spring, the spruce branches must be removed, and the peat should be raked away so that it is easier for young stems to break through the thickness of the earth.
What to feed?
Feverfew is fed with both mineral and organic fertilizers, however, nitrogen fertilization must be applied carefully, otherwise the feverfew will increase the green mass to the detriment of flowering. The plant responds well to rotted manure. You can feed the plant with mineral fertilizer with trace elements.
Place in the garden and garden compositions with feverfew.
In the garden, feverfew can be planted as a separate bush, which will eventually grow and look quite self-sufficient. You can create a border out of it, plant it along paths or plant it along a fence or next to outbuildings. Can be planted as a bright accent spot in a flower bed.
Feverfew looks advantageous in a mono composition of bright multi-colored varieties: white, raspberry, pink, red.
A multi-colored or monophonic pyrethrum will look very beautiful in a composition against the background of powerful green foliage of iris, daylily and peony.
Feverfew will successfully fill the color niche between the blooms of peony or iris and will look great with bright inflorescences against the backdrop of rich foliage of peony, iris and daylily.
Nowadays, garden centers are overflowing with various offers of planting flower material, sometimes more exotic, not always suitable for growing in a particular region, sometimes requiring increased care, and such well-known flowers as pyrethrum, the same chamomile or leucanthemum remain forgotten or simply relegated to the background. Nevertheless, connoisseurs of simple and undemanding beauty do not bypass these flowers and their garden always looks colorful, bright and filled.
Friends, which of you has not forgotten and planted feverfew in your garden? Who has been growing feverfew and other long-known, simple and unpretentious flowers on their plot for a long time and constantly? Write about them, what varieties do you grow? Share your experience, tips and observations with gardeners in the comments.
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